KATHMANDU — World Health Organisation has defined Diabetes as a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
Insulin is a hormone that manages glucose. Hyperglycaemia, or raised glucose, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
According to WHO data, in 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes and the disease was direct cause of some 1.5 million deaths in 2012, with more than 80% of those occurring in low-and middle-income countries.
Also called diabetes mellitus, diabetes is a group of chronic diseases where the amount of blood glucose is too high. Most common types of diabetes are:
Type 1 diabetes : the body produces little or no insulin, and therefore patients require insulin injections to survive.
Type 2 diabetes : the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide. People with this condition are typically overweight and sedentary, two factors that raise a person’s insulin needs.
Type 2 diabetes is a common and increasingly prevalent illness that is largely preventable. In adults, type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes; the remainder are adult-onset (or adult-diagnosed) type 1 diabetes, a form of diabetes for which the cause is unknown.
Although age, genetics, and lifestyle factors are the best predictors of type 2 diabetes risk, certain racial or ethnic groups have higher rates of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes even after adjusting for these factors.
Asian Americans have a nine percent higher risk of diabetes. Hispanics have a 12.8 percent higher risk, and non-Hispanic blacks have a 13.2 percent higher risk of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes risk increases with age. Although the number of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is increasing due to a growing number of overweight youth, it is considerably less common in children and young adults than in older individuals.
Although men have a slightly increased risk of type 2 diabetes compared to women, this may be more significantly associated with lifestyle factors and body weight than innate gender differences.
Here is a video by Diabetes UK that shows what happens when you have diabetes:
Nirmala Panta’s murder accused held after 24 days
KANCHANPUR — Police in Kanchanpur have made public an accused arrested in connection with the murder of 13-year-old Nirmala Panta of Kanchanpur’s Bhimdatta Municipality.
Dilip Singh Bista, 41, of Baghphanta, Bhimdatta Municipality was made public at a press conference at the DPO. Bista was arrested on Saturday,according to the District Police Office Spokesperson Deputy Superintendent of Police Gyan Bahadur Sethi.
Nirmala was found dead in a sugarcane field on July 27, a day after she had gone to her friend’s home to get a notebook.
Bista,who was released from prison last year after serving nine years for murdering his brother-in-law Narayansingh Thapa, works as a daily-wage labourer.
According to Bista’s statement to police, he helped Nirmala fix her bicycle chain before raping and killing her on July 26. He told police that killed her to avoid being arrested again.Follow @gorkhapost