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World Health Day 2016 : What happens when you have diabetes?

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KATHMANDU — World Health Organisation has defined Diabetes as a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.

Insulin is a hormone that manages glucose. Hyperglycaemia, or raised glucose, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.

According to WHO data, in 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes and the disease was direct cause of some 1.5 million deaths in 2012, with more than 80% of those occurring in low-and middle-income countries.

Also called diabetes mellitus, diabetes is a group of chronic diseases where the amount of blood glucose is too high. Most common types of diabetes are:

Type 1 diabetes :  the body produces little or no insulin, and therefore patients require insulin injections to survive.

Type 2 diabetes : the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide. People with this condition are typically overweight and sedentary, two factors that raise a person’s insulin needs.

Type 2 diabetes is a common and increasingly prevalent illness that is largely preventable. In adults, type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes; the remainder are adult-onset (or adult-diagnosed) type 1 diabetes, a  form of diabetes for which the cause is unknown.

Although age, genetics, and lifestyle factors are the best predictors of type 2 diabetes risk, certain racial or ethnic groups have higher rates of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes even after adjusting for these factors.
Asian Americans have a nine percent higher risk of diabetes. Hispanics have a 12.8 percent higher risk, and non-Hispanic blacks have a 13.2 percent higher risk of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes risk increases with age. Although the number of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is increasing due to a growing number of overweight youth, it is considerably less common in children and young adults than in older individuals.

Although men have a slightly increased risk of type 2 diabetes compared to women, this may be more significantly associated with lifestyle factors and body weight than innate gender differences.

Here is a video by Diabetes UK that shows what happens when you have diabetes:

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Two held on charge of girls trafficking

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BETRAWATI— Police have arrested two persons for their alleged involvement in trafficking five adolescent girls aged between 13 to 16 — to India.

The arrestees have been identified as Nirmal Biswakarma (23) of Bheriganga Municipality-12 of Surkhet and Bikas Pyakurel (20) of Chaughada in Likhu Rural Municipality-4 of Nuwakot.

The Surkhet Police had arrested Biswokarma from his home while rescuing the captive girls on Friday and produced him before court on Saturday.

Likewise, acting on the statement of the captive girls, police arrested Pyakurel from Battar Bazaar, Nuwakot on Sunday.

According to District Police Office Chief Basanta Kunwar, a case related to human trafficking was registered against them on Sunday and investigation into the case was expedited from the Nuwakot District Court.

It has been learnt that the duo lured the girls, on their way to play Bhailo on Laxmi Puja, by promising them good jobs in India and transported them to Surkhet.

The rescued girls have been kept at a shelter of Women and Children Service Centre of Nepal Police.

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