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Women with PCOS linked to child with autism

Gorkha Post

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Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to have an autistic child than other women, according to an analysis of NHS data carried out by a team at Cambridge University’s Autism Research Centre.

The researchers found that women with PCOS had a 2.3 percent chance of having an autistic child, compared to the 1.7 percent chance for mothers without PCOS.

Researchers studied 8,588 women in Britain with PCOS and their first-born children, comparing them to 41,127 women without PCOS from 1990 to 2014 in the research published in the journal Translational Psychiatry.

PCOS, which is caused by elevated levels of the hormone testosterone in fluid-filled sacs — called follicles — in the ovaries. Symptoms include onset of puberty, irregular menstrual cycles and excess bodily hair. It affects up to 20 percent of reproductive-age women worldwide, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Autism, which develops in childhood and continues through adulthood, is a neurological and developmental disorder.

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“We need to think about the practical steps we can put in place to support women with PCOS as they go through their pregnancies,” said Dr Carrie Allison, who co-supervised the research.

“The likelihood is statistically significant but nevertheless still small, in that most women with PCOS won’t have a child with autism, but we want to be transparent with this information,” he added.

They took into account other factors, including maternal mental health problems or complications during pregnancy.

“We need to think about the practical steps we can put in place to support women with PCOS as they go through their pregnancies,” Allison said in a press release.

With Agencies Inputs

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Adding glass of milk in breakfast can lower blood glucose

Raghu Kshitiz

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Several research studies have attempted to find a link between drinking milk and a reduced risk for experiencing type 2 diabetes and a new research has found that adding a glass of milk in breakfast is the perfect energy boost for body needs to get through the day.

According to a study published in the Journal of Dairy Science, consuming milk with breakfast cereal reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with water, and high dairy protein concentration reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with normal dairy protein concentration.

H Douglas Goff, PhD, and the team of scientists from the Human Nutraceutical Research Unit at the University of Guelph, in collaboration with the University of Toronto, examined the effects of consuming high-protein milk for breakfast on blood glucose levels.

The high-protein treatment also reduced appetite after the second meal compared with the low-protein equivalent.

“Metabolic diseases are on the rise globally, with type 2 diabetes and obesity as leading concerns in human health. Thus, there is an impetus to develop dietary strategies for the risk reduction and management of obesity and diabetes to empower consumers to improve their personal health,” Goff and his team noted.

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Although the team only found a modest difference in food consumption at the lunch meal when increasing whey protein at breakfast, they did find that milk consumed with a high-carbohydrate breakfast reduced blood glucose even after lunch, and high-protein milk had a greater effect.

Milk with an increased proportion of whey protein had a modest effect on pre-lunch blood glucose, achieving a greater decrease than that provided by regular milk.

Likewise, a 2014 study from Lund University in Sweden published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found eating high-fat milk and yogurt reduces a person’s type 2 diabetes risk by as much as one-fifth.

Another study published in the 2011 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition tracked the relationship between a person’s dairy consumption during adolescence and their risk for type 2 diabetes as an adult. The researchers concluded that “higher dairy product intake during adolescence is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.”

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