KATHMANDU — What drives some people to act out of vengefulness more than others? Obviously, sadistic people, who tend to derive pleasure from inflicting pain and suffering on others, according to a new study led by Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) psychology professor, David Chester.
Chester and co-author, C Nathan DeWall, a professor of psychology at the University of Kentucky, found that people who derive pleasure from hurting others and watching them suffer are more likely to seek revenge against those who have wronged them.
Sadism is the dominant personality trait that makes such types of people more likely than others to seek revenge, stated a study: “Personality Correlates of Revenge-Seeking: Multidimensional Links to Physical Aggression, Impulsivity, and Aggressive Pleasure” that will be published in a forthcoming edition of the journal Aggressive Behaviors.
“We wanted to paint a picture of the personality of the type of person who seeks revenge. We’re all slighted in our daily lives, but some of us seek revenge and some of us do not. So what kind of person is the person who seeks vengeance?” said Chester.
“The core of what we found is that the person who seeks revenge is a person who tends to enjoy it,” Chester added.
In the study, the team conducted three studies involving 673 students. They were asked to say whether they agree or disagree to a variety of statements, such as “Anyone who provokes me deserves the punishment that I give” and “If I’m wronged, I can’t live with myself until I revenge”.
For this study, Chester and DeWall started with the simple question: “Who are revenge-seekers—and what motivates them?” To answer this question, they conducted three separate experiments involving 673 students at the University of Kentucky.
Study participants filled out questionnaires designed to elucidate someone’s real-life behavior surrounding vengefulness.
“A lot of people don’t want to admit to having certain traits or tendencies that aren’t really savory or socially acceptable, so you have to ask questions in a very specific way,” Chester said in a statement.
“You’re not asking outright, ‘Are you a vengeful person?’ No one would say that they are. But instead, you can use a little bit of subterfuge and get some insight.”Follow @gorkhapost
Deadly Nipah virus claims 12 in Indian state of Kerala
NEW DELHI — At least 12 people in India have died from a rare deadly and contagious virus known as Nipah virus, according to news reports.
Four deaths were reported on Monday, including of a nurse who treated the three initial infections at the EMS Cooperative Hospital in Perambra. The death of the nurse triggered panic among hospital staff who have had their leaves cancelled to treat the sick, Hindustan Times reported
Two deaths were reported from Kozhikode and four from Malappuram district. At least six persons are in critical condition and another 20 are under observation, state health officials said.
It was recorded in Siliguri district in West Bengal in 2001 and is being suspected in Kerala now, according to media reports
Humans get infected by consuming fruit or date-palm sap contaminated by infected bats but while human-to-human transmission through body fluids is rare.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Nipah virus infection is an emerging disease that was first identified in 1999 during an outbreak among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore.
The virus is thought to naturally infect fruit bats (of the genus Pteropus), but it can also infect pigs and other domesticated animals, as well as humans, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The virus can also spread from person to person.
CDC says Nipah virus can cause an inflammation of the brain known as encephalitis. Symptoms can include fever and headache, followed by drowsiness, disorientation and confusion. People who are infected with the virus may fall into a coma within 48 hours of showing symptoms, the CDC says.
The virus can be highly lethal, with an average fatality rate of around 75 percent, according to the WHO.Follow @gorkhapost