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Prez Bhandari Prez Bhandari certifies Education Eighth Amendment Bill Education Eighth Amendment Bill

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KATHMANDU — President Bidya Devi Bhandari on Wednesday certified the Education Act Eighth Amendment Bill.

The Amendment Bill, passed by the Parliament on June 4, is regarded to be positive in terms of making significant changes in the educational sector.

Consequently, the Higher Secondary Education Board (HSEB), which regulated higher secondary schools across the country, has been transformed into the National Education Board (NEB).

The Board would now be responsible for conducting the national-level school termination examinations, including those at the end of grades VIII, X and XII, from the next academic session.

As per the new development, the national level school termination examinations (currently known as the “School Leaving Certificate examinations”), which was conducted by the SLC Board under the Office of the Controller of Examinations till now, would be held at the end of Grade XII from next academic session, instead of Grade X.

School education would be categorised into two levels: basic education (Grade I to VIII) and secondary education (Grade IX to XII).

Currently, there are four levels in school education, categorised as primary level (Grade I to V), lower secondary level (Grade VI to VIII), secondary level (Grade IX to X) and higher secondary level (grade XI to XII).

Bill bars opening of schools through private or cooperative investments. The schools would have be a member of guthi to open the schools from next year.

The Bill, in line with the School Sector Reform Plan, has provided a solution to the decade-long problem of temporary teachers. They would now be allowed to fight for permanent posts or accept retirement with a golden handshake scheme.

The new law also envisions formation of an Educational Quality Testing Centre to test the quality of education. District Education Council would also be formed at district level to draft plans and policies for development of the education sector.

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Health

Sleeping in on weekends may help live longer

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Sleep deprivation has been found to have numerous negative effects on a person’s health. But the new study has shown that sleeping more on the weekend might help ease health problems associated with not getting enough during the week, and even reduce the risk of an early death.

The study, published in Journal of Sleep Research by scientists from Sweden and the United States, suggested that the negative effects of a few nights of short sleep could be counteracted by staying in bed over the weekend.

The from the Stress Research Institute (SRI) at Stockholm University and the Karolinska Institute discovered that people below 65 years old who slept less than five hours on weekends had a higher risk of early death after examining medical and lifestyle data from more than 43,000 adults, following them for a period of 13 years.

For people who slept for less than five hours throughout the week but slept longer on the weekends for about nine hours, there was no increase in mortality risk. But, for people who consistently slept for less than five hours through the whole week, the mortality risk is higher.

Torbjorn Akerstedt, one of the authors of the research and a clinical neuroscience professor from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, said that the findings were consistent with previous studies on the link between sleep duration and mortality.

However, those previous studies only focused on sleep during weekdays.

“The results imply that short sleep is not a risk factor for mortality if it is combined with a medium or long weekend sleep,” the researchers wrote in the study.

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