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Number of HIV/AIDS infected declining in Jhapa




JHAPA — The number of HIV/AIDS infected has been gradually declining in the recent years in Jhapa district. The number of HIV infected was 16 in the year 2016/17 in the district while this number was more than double (43) in 2015/16.

In the year 2016/17, 3099 men and 1,105 women underwent blood test and among them eight men and the equal number of women tested positive. Likewise, one infected died in the period, according to the Jhapa District Public Health Office’s (DPHO) programme officer, Kul Bahadur Poudel.

However, the number of HIV-infected was counted at 67 in 2014/15, 12 more than the previous year (2013/14). In the past four years (from 2013/14-2017), a total of 184 HIV infected — 103 men and 81 women — have been detected in the district. In this period of four years, four women and six men succumbed.

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Presently, there are 461 HIV — 255 men and 206 women — infected in the district, according to programme officer Paudel. Among them, 457 are under the course of antiretroviral therapy (ART).

HIV test is free in all the district-based health facilities where the maternity services are available.

Others various organisations such as Diamond Society, Sahara Nepal, Amda Nepal, Laba Kusha Assam, Night Chess Club and the DPHO Jhapa are operating awareness programmes about HIV in the district.

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Urinary, respiratory tract infections may double stroke risk

IANS Indo Asian News Service




Urinary, respiratory tract infections may double stroke risk. Representational Image

NEW YORK — People who are suffering from urinary or respiratory tract infections may face nearly double the risk of heart attacks and strokes than obesity, researchers have warned.

The study — led by a researcher of Indian origin — found that if the frequency of these common infections causing hospitalisation continues for a longer period it may even lead to death.

Patients diagnosed with any one of these common infections were three times more likely to die than those without prior infection after developing heart disease, and almost twice as likely to die if they had a stroke.

“Our figures suggest that those who are admitted to hospital with a respiratory or urinary tract infection are 40 per cent more likely to suffer a subsequent heart attack, and 2.5 times more likely to have a stroke, than patients who have had no such infection, and are considerably less likely to survive from these conditions,” Rahul Potluri, researcher at Britain’s Aston University, said in a statement.

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The effects of the common infections were of similar magnitude among the people suffering from diabetes, hypertension, and cholesterol, researchers said.

“It is notable that infection appears to confer as much, if not more, of a risk for future heart disease and stroke as very well established risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes,” Potluri added.

Researchers conducted the study over 34,027 patients who had been admitted with a urinary or respiratory tract infection with an age and sex-matched control group without infection.

Factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, obesity and tobacco use, as well as medical conditions including excess cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney disease, heart failure and atrial fibrillation were also taken into account.

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