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New Year 2073 being celebrated today

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KATHMANDU — The nation is saying goodbye to the year 2072 BS and welcoming the New Year 2073 today.

The Nepali New Year is celebrated on each Baisakh 1 according to the Bikram Sambat, which is the national calendar and almanac of Nepal and India, and based on Hindu Panchangam.

Panchangam based on traditional Hindu and Vedic astrological tabulation forecasts celestial phenomena such as solar eclipses. The Bikram Sambat is 57 years 8 month and 15 days ahead of the Gregorian Calendar.

As per the mythology, Bikram Sambat is believed to have been started by King Bikramaditya.

People visit various temples, start new works, make new resolutions and exchange greetings on the New Year’s Day.

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Deadly Nipah virus claims 12 in Indian state of Kerala

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NEW DELHI — At least 12 people in India have died from a rare deadly and contagious virus known as Nipah virus, according to news reports.

Four deaths were reported on Monday, including of a nurse who treated the three initial infections at the EMS Cooperative Hospital in Perambra. The death of the nurse triggered panic among hospital staff who have had their leaves cancelled to treat the sick, Hindustan Times reported

Two deaths were reported from Kozhikode and four from Malappuram district. At least six persons are in critical condition and another 20 are under observation, state health officials said.

It was recorded in Siliguri district in West Bengal in 2001 and is being suspected in Kerala now, according to media reports

Humans get infected by consuming fruit or date-palm sap contaminated by infected bats but while human-to-human transmission through body fluids is rare.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Nipah virus infection is an emerging disease that was first identified in 1999 during an outbreak among pig farmers in Malaysia and Singapore.

The virus is thought to naturally infect fruit bats (of the genus Pteropus), but it can also infect pigs and other domesticated animals, as well as humans, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The virus can also spread from person to person.

CDC says Nipah virus can cause an inflammation of the brain known as encephalitis. Symptoms can include fever and headache, followed by drowsiness, disorientation and confusion. People who are infected with the virus may fall into a coma within 48 hours of showing symptoms, the CDC says.

The virus can be highly lethal, with an average fatality rate of around 75 percent, according to the WHO.

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