KATHMANDU — Eating a diet rich in fruits and fish can help prevent the risk of developing colorectal cancer by up to 86 percent, a new study has suggested.
Colorectal cancer develops from intestinal polyps and has been associated to low-fibre diet including large quantities on red meat, alcohol and high-calorie foods.
For the study, presented at the ESMO 19th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer, the team included 808 people who were undergoing screening or diagnostic colonoscopies who were between 40 and 70 years old and had adhered to a Mediterranean diet.
Naomi Fliss Isakov from Tel-Aviv Medical Centre, in Israel said, “We found that each one of these three choices was associated with a little more than 30 per cent reduced odds of a person having an advanced, pre-cancerous colorectal lesion, compared to people who did not eat any of the Mediterranean diet components.”
The study also showed that consumption of even two to three components of the diet, compared to none, was associated with half the odds of advanced polyps.
A typical Mediterranean diet was defined as consumption levels above the group median for fruits, vegetables and legumes, nuts and seeds, whole grains, fish and poultry and a high ratio of monounsaturated to saturated fatty acids, as well as consumption below the median of red meat, alcohol, and soft drinks.
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