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Fresh fruits may prevent risk of diabetes by 12 per cent

KATHMANDU — We know eating fresh fruit and vegetables is good for our health. But, people diagnosed with diabetes may avoid fruit due to its high sugar content.

Fresh fruit and vegetables are healthful for most of us, but people with diabetes may abstain from eating fresh fruit because of its high sugar content.

But, a new study has showed that eating a bowl of fresh fruits daily may reduce the risk of developing the disease by 12 per cent.

Diabetes affects more than 420 million people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes caused more than 1.5 million deaths in 2012.

People with diabetes, consuming fresh fruit more than three days a week was associated with a 17 per cent lower relative risk of dying.

In the study published in the journal PLOS Medicine, a team of researchers — led by Huaidong Du of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom — decided to investigate the health effects of consuming fresh fruit in patients both with and without diabetes.

And, the findings revealed that it can lower the risk of developing diabetes-related complications affecting large blood vessels, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, and small blood vessels — kidney diseases, eye diseases, and neuropathy — by 13-28 per cent.

People with diabetes, consuming fresh fruit more than three days a week was associated with a 17 per cent lower relative risk of dying.

In another study, the researchers examined the effects of fruit consumption on almost 500,000 people enrolled in the China Kadoorie Biobank national study.

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Participants were aged between 30 and 79 and lived in 10 different areas across China.

The participants were clinically followed for approximately 7 years. During this follow-up period, 9,504 cases of diabetes were identified in participants who did not have diabetes at the beginning of the study.

Researchers, using Cox regression models, analyzed the correlations with consumption of fresh fruit while also adjusting for age, sex, location, socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI), and family history of diabetes.

In total, 18.8 percent of the participants said that they consumed fresh fruit every day, and 6.4 percent said that they never or rarely consumed them.

And the findings showed that those who had been previously diagnosed with diabetes were three times as likely to not consume fruit than those without diabetes or with screen-detected diabetes.

The researchers found that people who did not have diabetes at the beginning of the study and consumed fresh fruit in high amounts had a significantly lower risk of diabetes.

Additionally, those who had diabetes at the beginning of the study and consumed high amounts of fruit had a significantly lower risk of dying from any cause, as well as a lower risk of developing cardiovascular complications.

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