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Fresh fruits may prevent risk of diabetes by 12 per cent

Raghu Kshitiz

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KATHMANDU — We know eating fresh fruit and vegetables is good for our health. But, people diagnosed with diabetes may avoid fruit due to its high sugar content.

Fresh fruit and vegetables are healthful for most of us, but people with diabetes may abstain from eating fresh fruit because of its high sugar content.

But, a new study has showed that eating a bowl of fresh fruits daily may reduce the risk of developing the disease by 12 per cent.

Diabetes affects more than 420 million people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes caused more than 1.5 million deaths in 2012.

People with diabetes, consuming fresh fruit more than three days a week was associated with a 17 per cent lower relative risk of dying.

In the study published in the journal PLOS Medicine, a team of researchers — led by Huaidong Du of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom — decided to investigate the health effects of consuming fresh fruit in patients both with and without diabetes.

And, the findings revealed that it can lower the risk of developing diabetes-related complications affecting large blood vessels, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, and small blood vessels — kidney diseases, eye diseases, and neuropathy — by 13-28 per cent.

People with diabetes, consuming fresh fruit more than three days a week was associated with a 17 per cent lower relative risk of dying.

In another study, the researchers examined the effects of fruit consumption on almost 500,000 people enrolled in the China Kadoorie Biobank national study.

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Participants were aged between 30 and 79 and lived in 10 different areas across China.

The participants were clinically followed for approximately 7 years. During this follow-up period, 9,504 cases of diabetes were identified in participants who did not have diabetes at the beginning of the study.

Researchers, using Cox regression models, analyzed the correlations with consumption of fresh fruit while also adjusting for age, sex, location, socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI), and family history of diabetes.

In total, 18.8 percent of the participants said that they consumed fresh fruit every day, and 6.4 percent said that they never or rarely consumed them.

And the findings showed that those who had been previously diagnosed with diabetes were three times as likely to not consume fruit than those without diabetes or with screen-detected diabetes.

The researchers found that people who did not have diabetes at the beginning of the study and consumed fresh fruit in high amounts had a significantly lower risk of diabetes.

Additionally, those who had diabetes at the beginning of the study and consumed high amounts of fruit had a significantly lower risk of dying from any cause, as well as a lower risk of developing cardiovascular complications.

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Type 2 diabetes early in life found to increase risk of fatal heart disease by 60 pc

Gorkha Post

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KATHMANDU — Developing Type 2 diabetes early in life increases risk of death linked to heart disease by 60 percent, according to a study published in Diabetologia.

The condition was once considered a disease of the elderly but the obesity epidemic has led to a surge in cases in young adults and even children too.

Research on 744,000 sufferers over 15 years to 2011 found the average diagnosis age was 59 and there were 115,363 deaths during the period.

It was associated with a 60 percent higher relative risk of dying from heart disease or stroke. Not only that, it was linked to almost a 30 percent higher risk of death from any cause, though a lower risk of dying from cancer was seen.

“Type 2 diabetes in young people is somewhat aggressive and leads to higher mortality,” said study co-author Dianna Magliano, head of the diabetes and population health laboratory at the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne, Australia.

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Dr Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, said “Type 2 diabetes has evolved through the years into a different type of disease. It used to be a disease of the elderly.” He was not involved with the study.

“What we see nowadays with Type 2 diabetes is that it’s affecting a younger population and is more aggressive. There’s more weight, more lipotoxicity, more insulin resistance and more inflammation, and inflammation can cause premature cardiovascular disease,” Zonszein said.

Lipotoxicity is when the fats in the blood, or cholesterol, build up in places they shouldn’t, such as the liver, kidneys or heart.

The researchers also think the reason the younger people had fewer cancers is that it’s just more common for older people to have cancer.

They also suggested that because this group of younger people is being treated for Type 2 diabetes, it’s possible that when they do have cancer, it’s getting diagnosed and treated sooner, because they’re already engaged in the health care system.

With Agency Inputs

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