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Diabetes ups death risk from cancer in Asians

Raghu Kshitiz

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NEW YORK —  Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with 26% increased risk of death from any cancer of kidney, thyroid, liver and prostate in Asians, according to a cohort-based study.

The new findings, based on seven Asian countries — China, Taiwan, Singapore, South Korea, Japan, India, and Bangladesh — showed that having Type 2 diabetes led to a 26 per cent increase in the risk of dying from any form of cancer, even when taking into account factors such as BMI, alcohol consumption and smoking.

For the study, the team analysed 19 cohorts with a population of 658,611 east Asians and 112,686 South Asians.The average age of participants was 53.9 at the start of the study, and 37,343 cancer deaths were identified during a mean follow-up time of 12.7 years.

This is the first large study of its kind to focus on Asian populations, according to the authors, but previous studies on other racial and ethnic groups found similar results.

Previous research had suggested that at any given body mass index (BMI), Asians are more susceptible to developing insulin resistance, and go on to have a higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in comparison with Europeans.

Furthermore, statistically significant links were found between Type 2 diabetes and the risk of death from cancers of liver, pancreas, bile duct, colorectum and breast.

The strongest association was observed for cancers of the liver, thyroid and kidney (double risk in each case), and endometrium (2.7 times increased risk) and breast (1.7 times increased risk).

“Type 2 diabetes should be considered as a risk factor for cancers in Asians, especially for liver cancer which has a high incidence in Asians,” said Yu Chen, Associate Professor at the New York University School of Medicine.

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But diabetes was not statistically significantly associated with risk of death from leukemia and cancers of the bladder, cervix, esophagus, stomach, and lung.

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HOTC sees remarkable success rate on kidney transplant

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HOTC sees remarkable success rate on kidney transplant

BHAKTAPUR — Shahid Dharmabhakta National Human Organ Transplant Centre (HOTC), Bhaktapur has successfully undertaken transplant of over 400 kidneys.

Hospital’s Executive Director Dr Pukar Chandra Shrestha, at a press conference organised here on Friday, informed that the Centre has so far successfully transplanted kidneys on 404 patients.

The Centre had initiated the kidney transplant service on January 19, 2013.

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The inflow of patients has alarmingly increased at the facility with the start of additional medical services such as urology, gastro surgery, cardio therapy, stone removal surgery along with other surgeries, besides kidney transplant, said Prof Dr Rakesh Verma.

However, the patients are compelled to wait for the transplant for long due to limited building space and availability of beds.

Right now, around 400 patients are waiting their turns for kidney transplant and more than this number are waiting to avail of dialysis service.

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