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Callous-unemotional traits show in brain structure of boys only

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Callous and unemotional traits are linked to differences in brain structure in boys, but not in girls, according to a research by a European team led by the University of Basel and University of Basel Psychiatric Hospital.

In a study, published in the journal Neuroimage: Clinical, the researchers have studied on brain development in 189 adolescents.

The researchers, using magnetic resonance imaging, were able to take a closer look at the brain development of typically-developing 189 teenagers to find out whether callous-unemotional traits are linked to differences in brain structure.

The researchers found that the relationship between callous-unemotional traits and brain structure differs between boys and girls.

Callous-unemotional traits are characterised by a lack of empathy, a disregard for others’ feelings and shallow or deficient affect, such as a lack of remorse or guilt. These traits have been linked to deficits in development of the conscience and of empathy.

The findings showed that in typically-developing boys, the volume of the anterior insula or gray matter volume — a brain region implicated in recognising emotions in others and empathy — is larger in those with higher levels of callous-unemotional traits.

The volume explained 19% of the variance in callous-unemotional traits seen only in, but not in girls with the same personality traits.

The findings showed that in typically-developing boys, the volume of the anterior insula — a brain region implicated in recognizing emotions in others and empathy — is larger in those with higher levels of callous-unemotional traits.
This variation in brain structure was only seen in boys, but not in girls with the same personality traits.

“Our findings demonstrate that callous-unemotional traits are related to differences in brain structure in typically-developing boys without a clinical diagnosis,” said lead author Nora Maria Raschle from the University of Basel in Switzerland.

With Agency Inputs

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Attorney General Kharel directs police to file a case to seek life imprisonment to rapists

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DHANUSA— Attorney General Agni Prasad Kharel has directed the police department to file a case seeking life imprisonment to the men arrested for raping and murdering 10-year-old girl Manika Yadav along with confiscation of all property.

He made this direction to Superintendent of Police Gobinda Thapaliya during an inspection of the office of district government advocate and high government advocate office in Janakpur.

Kharel also met Manika’s family at Aaurahi Rural Municipality.

During the meeting, he assured the bereaved family of action against the rapists and economic help to them.

The Dhanusa police have arrested Binod Mukhiya and Nathuni Pandit from the locality on the charge of raping Manika.

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