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Callous-unemotional traits show in brain structure of boys only

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Callous and unemotional traits are linked to differences in brain structure in boys, but not in girls, according to a research by a European team led by the University of Basel and University of Basel Psychiatric Hospital.

In a study, published in the journal Neuroimage: Clinical, the researchers have studied on brain development in 189 adolescents.

The researchers, using magnetic resonance imaging, were able to take a closer look at the brain development of typically-developing 189 teenagers to find out whether callous-unemotional traits are linked to differences in brain structure.

The researchers found that the relationship between callous-unemotional traits and brain structure differs between boys and girls.

Callous-unemotional traits are characterised by a lack of empathy, a disregard for others’ feelings and shallow or deficient affect, such as a lack of remorse or guilt. These traits have been linked to deficits in development of the conscience and of empathy.

The findings showed that in typically-developing boys, the volume of the anterior insula or gray matter volume — a brain region implicated in recognising emotions in others and empathy — is larger in those with higher levels of callous-unemotional traits.

The volume explained 19% of the variance in callous-unemotional traits seen only in, but not in girls with the same personality traits.

The findings showed that in typically-developing boys, the volume of the anterior insula — a brain region implicated in recognizing emotions in others and empathy — is larger in those with higher levels of callous-unemotional traits.
This variation in brain structure was only seen in boys, but not in girls with the same personality traits.

“Our findings demonstrate that callous-unemotional traits are related to differences in brain structure in typically-developing boys without a clinical diagnosis,” said lead author Nora Maria Raschle from the University of Basel in Switzerland.

With Agency Inputs

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Rape cases rising in Tulsipur High Court’s desk

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DANG — The High Court Tulsipur in Dang last fiscal year settled 602 cases. As stated by court registrar Shreelal Poudel, in the period, the court registered 413 new cases and the number of cases in pending case (previous years) were 373. Of the total 786 cases, the court gave its final hearings on 602 cases.

The records show that among the cases filed in the period, the highest number is about rape which is figured at 88 and 70 have been already sorted out legally while 18 are under sub-judice.

Similarly, the cases registered seeking divorce were 21 and among them the court finished its proceedings on 19 cases.

The court has set up the civic help desk and arranged for free application writing facility, making the service system technology-friendly.

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