MIAMI — Taking steps to recover from depression and boost vitamin D levels may improve heart health, according to new research.
The discoveries were contained in two studies presented at the American College of Cardiology conference in Chicago on Saturday (local time).
The first focused on depression, a known risk factor for heart attack, stroke and even death.
Researchers at the Intermountain Medical Centre Heart Institute in Salt Lake City studied a registry of more than 7,500 people, and found when depressed patients got effective treatment, they could lower their risk of heart damage to the same level as a person who never suffered from depression.
“Our study shows that prompt, effective treatment of depression appears to improve the risk of poor heart health,” said Heidi May, a cardiovascular epidemiologist with the Intermountain Medical Centre Heart Institute.
However, those who remained depressed had higher rates of heart problems, at a rate of about 6 per cent, compared to around 4 per cent of people without depression.
“The key conclusion of our study is: If depression isn’t treated, the risk of cardiovascular complications increases significantly,” Ms May said.
A second study, also led by May, focused on two measures of vitamin D, which when too low can predict the likelihood of heart attack, stroke, heart failure or death.
Some 4,200 people aged 52 to 76 were studied. Most already had coronary artery disease (70 percent) and one quarter were diabetic.
For doctors who treat these patients, the most important measures of vitamin D are known as total vitamin D and bioavailable vitamin D, since both were “the most accurate in predicting harmful cardiovascular events,” said the findings.
“Our study found that low levels of both total vitamin D and bioavailable vitamin D appear to be associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes,” said May.
“And evaluating usable vitamin D could mean the difference on the amount of vitamin D prescribed, if it’s prescribed at all.”
May added that more research was needed to examine Caucasian and African-American patients, since these groups are known to be affected differently by vitamin D.
Over 20,000 drivers taken action through CCTV monitoring
KATHMANDU— The Metropolitan Traffic Police Division (MTPD) has effectively launched monitoring of vehicles plying on the road through close circuit (CC) camera in Kathmandu valley.
Traffic Police are keeping a close watch on drivers to check whether they are following the traffic rules or not.
A total of 20,024 drivers of various vehicles faced action based on such monitoring. The police begun this bid since 2073 BS and it has become effective so far, said SSP Basanta Panta of the Traffic Division.
Most of the cases were related to violation of the traffic lane and driving on ‘one way’ roads, he added.
The police are monitoring the traffic activities through 460 close circuit cameras installed at the Division Office, Ranipokhari.Follow @gorkhapost