JHAPA — The number of people living with HIV has come to 500 in Jhapa district alone, the District Public Health Office revealed.
The recent data has come out as the World AIDS Day-2015 is being observed today across the country by organising various programmes with the theme ‘End of AIDS Epidemic to Achieve Sustainable Development Goal’.
According to the Office, the number of male living with HIV is 294 while 206 are women. It is said that 58 new cases of HIV were reported in the last fiscal year alone.
Officer at the District Public Health Office Nirmala Prajapati said that altogether 31 people including four in the last fiscal year lost their lives due to AIDS in the district since 2064 BS.
Treatment of HIV/AIDS infected through anti-retroviral (ARV) is managed from the Mechi Zonal Hospital, Bhadrapur, in the district. Currently, 195 persons including ten of Ilam, four of Morang and one each of Panchthar and Taplejung districts are taking the ARV from the Mechi Zonal Hospital.
It is estimated that 39,214 people are suffering from HIV in which 25,449 are men and 13,800 women, according to data provided by National AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Disease Centre. In Nepal, 85 per cent of HIV transmission is resulted through unsafe sexual contact.
Urinary, respiratory tract infections may double stroke risk
NEW YORK — People who are suffering from urinary or respiratory tract infections may face nearly double the risk of heart attacks and strokes than obesity, researchers have warned.
The study — led by a researcher of Indian origin — found that if the frequency of these common infections causing hospitalisation continues for a longer period it may even lead to death.
Patients diagnosed with any one of these common infections were three times more likely to die than those without prior infection after developing heart disease, and almost twice as likely to die if they had a stroke.
“Our figures suggest that those who are admitted to hospital with a respiratory or urinary tract infection are 40 per cent more likely to suffer a subsequent heart attack, and 2.5 times more likely to have a stroke, than patients who have had no such infection, and are considerably less likely to survive from these conditions,” Rahul Potluri, researcher at Britain’s Aston University, said in a statement.
The effects of the common infections were of similar magnitude among the people suffering from diabetes, hypertension, and cholesterol, researchers said.
“It is notable that infection appears to confer as much, if not more, of a risk for future heart disease and stroke as very well established risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes,” Potluri added.
Researchers conducted the study over 34,027 patients who had been admitted with a urinary or respiratory tract infection with an age and sex-matched control group without infection.
Factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, obesity and tobacco use, as well as medical conditions including excess cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney disease, heart failure and atrial fibrillation were also taken into account.Follow @gorkhapost